Quince fruit is an autumn fruit. The quince plant is a large bush, as large as 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Large, yellow and aromatic, the fruit of the quince tree can be turned into delicious jellies and jams. Quince trees are easy to look after and not prone to many of the fruit problems. Theyare attractive and well as productive, producing pretty blossom in late spring. There are options for all sizes of garden, and quinces can even be grown in large containers if space is limited. Let’s see the way planting and harvest quince!
Quince can be propagated from seed, layering branches, or root cuttings. Cultivars can be grafted onto quince rootstock.
Early spring planting, it’s best to avoid planting in hot & dry weather. Prepare a planting site in full sun that is sheltered from a breeze or wind.
Dig a hole half again as deep and twice as wide as the plant’s roots. Add a cupful of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole. Set the plant in the hole so that the soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem is level with the surrounding soil. Spread the roots out in all directions.
Re-fill the hole with half native soil and half aged compost or commercial organic planting mix; firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets among the roots. Water in the soil and create a modest soil basin around the trunk to hold water at watering time. After planting, water thoroughly with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.
Quinces Care, Nutrients, and Water
Watering quince regularly for best fruit production. Keep the soil evenly moist.
Feed quince with a general blended fertilizer in early spring before growth starts. Avoid overfeeding quince where fire blight can be a problem; lush new leafy growth is susceptible to fire blight, a bacterial disease.
Quince flowers blossom in late spring. It is less vulnerable to damage from frost than other fruiting trees. Cover budded or flowering plants with a plant blanket or burlap if frost threatens.
In the first year, prune quince to an open center shape by cutting back the central leader to about 24 inches; select scaffold branches; trim these back to two buds and remove all other branches.
Established quince plants don’t need much pruning. Prune in winter to keep the plant open to sunlight and air; remove any broken or diseased branches.
Harvest and Storing Quinces
Quince bear fruit three to four years after planting.
Pick fruits in autumn when they are aromatic and full-colored. Harvest fruits before they drop and before the first frost. Use a pruner to cut fruit from the plant with an inch or two of stem attached. Handle ripe fruit gently. Quince fruit is hard but it bruises easily.
Quince will store 2 to 3 months at temperatures near freezing with high humidity. Store quince in a cool place separate from other fruit; the strong aroma of quince can taint other fruit such as pears and apples.
Quince is rarely eaten raw. Quince is delicious cooked; it is most often used to make jelly, preserves, or marmalade.
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