Roses are iconic garden beauties. Their wide range of color, form, and size means there’s a type of rose out there for every garden. Often called the “Queen of all flowers”, roses bring history, elegance, blooming power and unrivaled fragrance to your garden. Keep reading to learn how to grow, care for them and beyond!
– Wear sturdy gloves to protect your hands from prickly thorns. Have a hose or bucket of water and all your planting tools nearby.
Soak bare-root roses in a bucket of water for 8 to 12 hours before planting.
– Prune each cane back to 3 to 5 buds per cane. Any cane thinner than a pencil should be removed.
– If planting container grown roses, loosen the roots before planting.
– When you plant the rose, be sure to dig a much bigger hole than you think you need (for most types, the planting hole should be about 15 to 18 inches wide) and add plenty of organic matter such as compost or aged manure.
– Water liberally after planting. Mound up loose soil around the canes to protect the rose while it acclimates to its new site.
– Don’t crowd the roses if you plan to plant more than one rose bush. Roses should be planted about two-thirds of the expected height apart. Old garden roses will need more space, while miniature roses can be planted closer.
How to Care
You should apply NPK at the ratio of 8:8:16 grams per plant at the interval of 3 months after planting. For increasing flower production, apply the fertilizers after completing the pruning method.
Adequate water is very important for the proper growth of the plants. The plants should be watered twice in a week from October to March and once in a week from April to June.
Don’t provide any irrigation during the rainy season. Maintain proper drainage system for avoiding any waterlogging situation. For commercial production, drip irrigation is considered best.
Mulching is very important for retaining moisture into the soil. It also helps to prevent weeds. Agrowaste such as straw, grass clippings, rice husk, saw dust, dried leaves etc. are very good for using as mulch. Today, modern rose farmers are using polyethylene black or white sheet to mulch, and it has proved effective results.
Pruning is very essential for obtaining optimum production, because too many branches or shoots reduce the quality of flowering. Pruning should be done during the winter time.
The first fornight of October is considered as the ideal time for pruning. Rose plants take about 35 to 60 days from pruning to flowering, but it mainly depends on variety and severity of pruning.
The rose plants don’t produce much flower in the first year. And economical yield from the rose plant is obtained from the second year of cultivation. Harvesting can be done by using sharp hand pruners and when the color of flower is fully developed and the first two petals start unfolding. Harvesting should be done early in the morning or in late afternoon. Place the flowers in a container filled with freshwater having disinfectant and preservative. The flowers are preserved in precooling chamber having 10°C to 12°C for 12 hours then the flowers are graded based on the stem length and quality.
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Video source: INDUSTRY INSIDER